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Topology and the nonreciprocal Hall response in p-type Tellurium | LQMEC Synergy

Data do Evento: 
20/09/2023 - 15:00
  • Topology and the nonreciprocal Hall response in p-type Tellurium.
    LQMEC Synergy com Dr. Marcello Barbosa da Silva Neto (UFRJ)
    20/09, 4ª feira, 15h. Ed. Principal, Auditório Giuseppe Occhialini ou
    via Zoom. Sala 844 2858 9569. Senha 831613

Tellurium is a gyrotropic, p-type Weyl semiconductor with remarkable electronic, optical, and transport properties. It has been argued that some of these properties might stem from Weyl nodes at crossing points in the band structure and their nontrivial topological textures. However, Weyl nodes in time-reversal invariant semiconductors are split up in energy, rather than in momentum, and located deep below (far above) the top (bottom) of the valence (conduction) band, challenging such an interpretation. Here, instead, we use a four-band k · p Hamiltonian for p-type tellurium to show how the k-dependent spin-orbit interaction mixes up the top two (Weyl node free) and bottom two (Weyl-node-containing) valence bands, generating a 3D hedgehog orbital magnetic texture at the uppermost valence band, already accessible to transport at the lowest doping.  Hedgehog textures are important signatures of Weyl fermion physics, in general, and in the context of condensed matter physics arise from the carriers’ wave packet rotation being locked to their propagation wave vector. For spatially dispersive media, such an induced hedgehog texture/carrier rotation stabilizes two nonreciprocal and antisymmetric components to the Hall transport within different weak-localization  (antilocalization) relaxation regimes: the anomalous and planar Hall effects, usually forbidden by time-reversal symmetry. Our AC magnetotransport  measurements on Sn-doped tellurium confirm the theoretical predictions and our paper demonstrates how Weyl signatures generally appear in transport on enantiomorphic materials with natural optical activity.

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Data de Término: 
20/09/2023 - 16:00

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