Global exploration of phase behavior in frustrated Ising models using unsupervised learning techniques

Maurice de Koning e seu aluno Danilo Rodrigues - UNICAMP
Data do Seminário: 
15/02/2023 - 10:00
Sala de Seminários do DFGE - Sala 2061 - Ed. Principal Ala I
We apply a set of machine-learning (ML) techniques for the global exploration of the phase diagrams of two frustrated 2D Ising models with competing interactions. Based on raw Monte Carlo spin configurations generated for random system parameters, we apply principal-component analysis (PCA) and auto-encoders to achieve dimensionality reduction, followed by clustering using the DBSCAN method and a support-vector machine classifier to construct the transition lines between the distinct phases in both models. The results are in very good agreement with available exact solutions, with the auto-encoders leading to quantitatively superior estimates, even for a data set containing only 1400 spin configurations. In addition, the results suggest the existence of a relationship between the structure of the optimized auto-encoder latent space and physical characteristics of both systems. This indicates that the employed approach can be useful in perceiving fundamental properties of physical systems in situations where \emph{a priori} theoretical insight is unavailable.

Desenvolvido por IFUSP