Thermodynamics of precision in quantum non-equilibrium steady states
We investigate the fundamental trade-off between current fluctuations and entropy production for systems in non-equilibrium steady states (NESS). We use the technique of non-equilibrium statistical operators of McLennan/Zubarev form and illustrate how the entropy production can be expressed as a quantum relative entropy. Furthermore, by exploiting the geometry of the manifold of NESS states, we use parameter estimation in order to bound the co-variance of the currents in the NESS by the entropy production. Since our proof is geometrical, this fundamental result generalizes the thermodynamics of precision and the thermodynamic uncertainly beyond the classical Markovian paradigm. This result promises to evolve our understanding of the delicate relationship between fluctuations and quantum coherence in autonomous thermal machines.
Dr. Giacomo Guarnieri
Research Fellow of Physics
School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Mathematics & Science
Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland